Third Great Awakening

Last Updated: Jul. 1, 2008

The Third Great Awakening (Second Turning, 1886–1908), began with the Haymarket Riot and the student missionary movement, rose with agrarian protest and labor violence, and climaxed in Bryan’s revivalist candidacy (in 1896). Gilded Age realism came under harsh attack from trust-blasting muckrakers, Billy Sunday evangelicals, “new woman” feminists, and chautauqua dreamers. After radicalizing and splitting the Progressive movement, the passion cooled when William Howard Taft succeeded Teddy Roosevelt in the White House.

  • Gilded entering elderhood
  • Progressives entering midlife
  • Missionaries entering young adulthood
  • Lost entering childhood

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